How to Check if PyTorch is Using the GPU | Saturn Cloud Blog (2024)

← Back to Blog

If youre a data scientist or software engineer using PyTorch for deep learning projects youve probably wondered whether your code is utilizing the GPU or not GPUs can significantly speed up training and inference times for deep learning models so its important to ensure that your code is utilizing them to their fullest extent In this article well explore how to check if PyTorch is using the GPU.

By Saturn Cloud || Miscellaneous

How to Check if PyTorch is Using the GPU | Saturn Cloud Blog (1)

If you’re a data scientist or software engineer using PyTorch for deep learning projects, you’ve probably wondered whether your code is utilizing the GPU or not. GPUs can significantly speed up training and inference times for deep learning models, so it’s important to ensure that your code is utilizing them to their fullest extent. In this article, we’ll explore how to check if PyTorch is using the GPU.

Table of Contents

  1. What is PyTorch?
  2. Checking if PyTorch is Using the GPU
  3. Using PyTorch with the GPU
  4. Common Errors and How to Handle Them
  5. Conclusion

What is PyTorch?

Before we dive into the details of how to check if PyTorch is using the GPU, let’s briefly discuss what PyTorch is. PyTorch is an open-source machine learning library for Python. It was developed primarily by Facebook’s AI research team and is used extensively for deep learning projects. PyTorch is known for its dynamic computational graph, which allows for easy debugging and efficient memory usage. It also has excellent support for GPUs, which is important for training large deep learning models.

Checking if PyTorch is Using the GPU

So, how do you check if PyTorch is using the GPU? The first step is to ensure that you have PyTorch installed with GPU support. You can do this by running the following command:

pip install torch torchvision torchaudio -f https://download.pytorch.org/whl/cu111/torch_stable.html

Note that the cu111 in the URL specifies that we want to install the version of PyTorch that is compatible with CUDA 11.1, which is the latest version at the time of writing. If you have a different version of CUDA installed, you should adjust the URL accordingly.

Once you have PyTorch installed with GPU support, you can check if it’s using the GPU by running the following code:

import torchdevice = torch.device("cuda" if torch.cuda.is_available() else "cpu")print(f"Using device: {device}")

This code first checks if a GPU is available by calling the torch.cuda.is_available() function. If a GPU is available, it sets the device variable to "cuda", indicating that we want to use the GPU. If a GPU is not available, it sets device to "cpu", indicating that we want to use the CPU.

The code then prints out which device is being used. If you see "cuda", then PyTorch is using the GPU. If you see "cpu", then PyTorch is using the CPU.

Using PyTorch with the GPU

Now that you know how to check if PyTorch is using the GPU, let’s discuss how to use PyTorch with the GPU.

When using PyTorch with the GPU, you need to ensure that your tensors are on the GPU. You can do this by calling the to() method on your tensors and passing in the device variable that we created earlier. For example:

import torch# Create a tensor on the CPUx = torch.randn(3, 3)# Move the tensor to the GPUdevice = torch.device("cuda" if torch.cuda.is_available() else "cpu")x = x.to(device)

In this code, we first create a tensor x on the CPU. We then move the tensor to the GPU by calling the to() method and passing in the device variable.

You should also ensure that your model is on the GPU when training or making predictions. You can do this by calling the to() method on your model and passing in the device variable. For example:

import torch.nn as nn# Define a simple neural networkclass Net(nn.Module): def __init__(self): super(Net, self).__init__() self.fc1 = nn.Linear(10, 10) self.fc2 = nn.Linear(10, 1) def forward(self, x): x = self.fc1(x) x = self.fc2(x) return x# Create an instance of the networknet = Net()# Move the network to the GPUdevice = torch.device("cuda" if torch.cuda.is_available() else "cpu")net = net.to(device)

In this code, we define a simple neural network Net that consists of two fully connected layers. We then create an instance of the network net and move it to the GPU by calling the to() method and passing in the device variable.

Common Errors and How to Handle Them

  • Error 1: CUDA ErrorError Message:
RuntimeError: CUDA error: device-side assert triggered

Solution:Ensure your PyTorch version is compatible with your CUDA version. Check the PyTorch documentation for the recommended CUDA version.

  • Error 2: Incorrect CUDA VersionError Message:
RuntimeError: Detected that PyTorch and CUDA versions do not match

Solution:Update PyTorch and CUDA to versions that are compatible with each other.

  • Error 3: GPU Memory IssuesError Message:
RuntimeError: CUDA out of memory

Solution:Free up GPU memory by reducing batch sizes or unloading unnecessary tensors. Consider using mixed-precision training to reduce memory usage.

Conclusion

In this article, we’ve explored how to check if PyTorch is using the GPU and how to use PyTorch with the GPU. GPUs can significantly speed up deep learning projects, so it’s important to ensure that your code is utilizing them to their fullest extent. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can ensure that PyTorch is using the GPU and take advantage of its performance benefits.

About Saturn Cloud

Saturn Cloud is your all-in-one solution for data science & ML development, deployment, and data pipelines in the cloud. Spin up a notebook with 4TB of RAM, add a GPU, connect to a distributed cluster of workers, and more. Request a demo today to learn more.

Get a Technical Demo

How to Check if PyTorch is Using the GPU | Saturn Cloud Blog (2024)
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Jerrold Considine

Last Updated:

Views: 5501

Rating: 4.8 / 5 (58 voted)

Reviews: 89% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Jerrold Considine

Birthday: 1993-11-03

Address: Suite 447 3463 Marybelle Circles, New Marlin, AL 20765

Phone: +5816749283868

Job: Sales Executive

Hobby: Air sports, Sand art, Electronics, LARPing, Baseball, Book restoration, Puzzles

Introduction: My name is Jerrold Considine, I am a combative, cheerful, encouraging, happy, enthusiastic, funny, kind person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.